The skin is the body's largest organ. It protects us from the environment and helps regulate our body temperature. The skin also plays an important role in our appearance. As we age, our skin changes. The fatty tissues below the skin decrease, and collagen and elastin fibres break down. These changes result in thinner, more fragile skin that bruises and tears more easily. The loss of these supportive structures makes the skin more susceptible to damage from ultraviolet (UV) light, pollution, and other environmental factors.
A good skincare routine is essential for mature skin. In addition to using a daily moisturizer, mature skin needs products that help rebuild the skin's support structure and repair damage from UV exposure and other environmental factors. Here are some of the best skincare ingredients for mature skin:
- Retinoids: Retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A. They are available in over-the-counter (OTC) preparations and by prescription. Retinoids help rebuild collagen and elastin fibres and repair damage from UV exposure. retinoids can also improve the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, and age spots. However, retinoids can cause side effects such as dryness, redness, and irritation. Be sure to use a sunscreen with a high SPF when using retinoids to minimize the risk of sunburn.
- Peptides: Peptides are short chains of amino acids that are found naturally in the skin. They help rebuild collagen and elastin fibres and protect against UV damage. Peptides are available in OTC preparations and by prescription.
Alpha Hydroxy Acids: Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are acids that are derived from fruits and milk sugars. They help exfoliate the top layer of dead skin cells, revealing newer, healthier cells below. AHAs are available in OTC preparations and by prescription.
Mature skin needs more than just a good moisturizer to stay healthy and look its best. A well-rounded skincare routine should include products that help rebuild the skin's support structure, repair damage from UV exposure and other environmental factors, and protect against future damage. Some of the best ingredients for mature skin include retinoids, peptides, and alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs). Talk to your dermatologist about which ingredients would be best for your individual skincare needs.